Autosoft Journal

Online Manuscript Access

Simple and Computationally Efficient Movement Classification Approach for EMG-controlled Prosthetic Hand: ANFIS vs. Artificial Neural Network



The aim of this paper is to propose an exploratory study on simple, accurate and computationally efficient movement classification technique for prosthetic hand application. The surface myoelectric signals were acquired from 2 muscles2014Flexor Carpi Ulnaris and Extensor Carpi Radialis of 4 normal-limb subjects. These signals were segmented and the features extracted using a new combined time-domain method of feature extraction. The fuzzy C-mean clustering method and scatter plots were used to evaluate the performance of the proposed multi-feature versus other accurate multi-features. Finally, the movements were classified using the adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) and the artificial neural network. Comparison results indicate that ANFIS not only displays higher classification accuracy (88.90%) than the artificial neural network, but it also improves computation time significantly.



Total Pages: 15
Pages: 559-573


Manuscript ViewPdf Subscription required to access this document

Obtain access this manuscript in one of the following ways

Already subscribed?

Need information on obtaining a subscription? Personal and institutional subscriptions are available.

Already an author? Have access via email address?


Volume: 21
Issue: 4
Year: 2015

Cite this document


Ahmad, S. A. (2009). Moving approximate entropy and its application to the electromyographic control of an artificial hand. University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom.

Ajiboye, A.B., and R.F.H. Weir. "A Heuristic Fuzzy Logic Approach to EMG Pattern Recognition for Multifunctional Prosthesis Control." IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering 13.3 (2005): 280-291. Crossref. Web.

Al-Assaf, Y, and H Al-Nashash. "Surface Myoelectric Signal Classification for Prostheses Control." Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology 29.5 (2005): 203-207. Crossref. Web.

Asghari Oskoei, Mohammadreza, and Huosheng Hu. "Myoelectric Control systems—A Survey." Biomedical Signal Processing and Control 2.4 (2007): 275-294. Crossref. Web.

Au, A.T.C., and R.F. Kirsch. "EMG-Based Prediction of Shoulder and Elbow Kinematics in Able-Bodied and Spinal Cord Injured Individuals." IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering 8.4 (2000): 471-480. Crossref. Web.

Boostani, Reza, and Mohammad Hassan Moradi. "Evaluation of the Forearm EMG Signal Features for the Control of a Prosthetic Hand." Physiological Measurement 24.2 (2003): 309-319. Crossref. Web.

Braga-Neto, U. M., and E. R. Dougherty. "Is Cross-Validation Valid for Small-Sample Microarray Classification?" Bioinformatics 20.3 (2004): 374-380. Crossref. Web.

Castellini, Claudio, and Patrick van der Smagt. "Surface EMG in Advanced Hand Prosthetics." Biological Cybernetics 100.1 (2008): 35-47. Crossref. Web.

Clement, R.G.E., K.E. Bugler, and C.W. Oliver. "Bionic Prosthetic Hands: A Review of Present Technology and Future Aspirations." The Surgeon 9.6 (2011): 336-340. Crossref. Web.

Du S. Temporal vs. spectral approach to feature extraction from prehensile EMG signals

Du, Yi-Chun et al. "Portable Hand Motion Classifier for Multi-Channel Surface Electromyography Recognition Using Grey Relational Analysis." Expert Systems with Applications 37.6 (2010): 4283-4291. Crossref. Web.

Englehart, K., and B. Hudgins. "A Robust, Real-Time Control Scheme for Multifunction Myoelectric Control." IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering 50.7 (2003): 848-854. Crossref. Web.

Favieiro G. W. Adaptive neuro-fuzzy logic analysis based on myoelectric signals for multifunction prosthesis control

Fielding, A. (2007). Cluster and classification techniques for the biosciences. Cambridge University Press.

Guangying Y. Study of myoelectric prostheses hand based on independent component analysis and fuzzy controller

Huan Liu, and Lei Yu. "Toward Integrating Feature Selection Algorithms for Classification and Clustering." IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering 17.4 (2005): 491-502. Crossref. Web.

Hudgins, B., P. Parker, and R.N. Scott. "A New Strategy for Multifunction Myoelectric Control." IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering 40.1 (1993): 82-94. Crossref. Web.

Jang, J.-S.R. "ANFIS: Adaptive-Network-Based Fuzzy Inference System." IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics 23.3 (1993): 665-685. Crossref. Web.

Rezaee Jordehi, A. "A Chaotic-Based Big Bang-big Crunch Algorithm for Solving Global Optimisation Problems." Neural Computing and Applications 25.6 (2014): 1329-1335. Crossref. Web.

Jordehi, A. Rezaee. "Enhanced Leader PSO (ELPSO): A New PSO Variant for Solving Global Optimisation Problems." Applied Soft Computing 26 (2015): 401-417. Crossref. Web.

Jordehi A. R. Neural Computing and Applications

Jordehi A. R. International Review of Electrical Engineering 6.4 (2011)

Jordehi A. R. Neural Computing and Applications

Kandel, A. (1992). Fuzzy expert systems. CRC press.

Karlik, B., M.O. Tokhi, and M. Alci. "A Fuzzy Clustering Neural Network Architecture for Multifunction Upper-Limb Prosthesis." IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering 50.11 (2003): 1255-1261. Crossref. Web.

Khezri, Mahdi, and Mehran Jahed. "Real-Time Intelligent Pattern Recognition Algorithm for Surface EMG Signals." BioMedical Engineering OnLine 6.1 (2007): 45. Crossref. Web.

Khezri, Mahdi, and Mehran Jahed. "An Exploratory Study to Design a Novel Hand Movement Identification System." Computers in Biology and Medicine 39.5 (2009): 433-442. Crossref. Web.

Khushaba R. N. Novel feature extraction method based on fuzzy entropy and wavelet packet transform for myoelectric control

Khushaba, Rami N, Ahmed Al-Ani, and Adel Al-Jumaily. "Orthogonal Fuzzy Neighborhood Discriminant Analysis for Multifunction Myoelectric Hand Control." IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering 57.6 (2010): 1410-1419. Crossref. Web.

Kiguchi K. Control of a myoelectric arm considering cooperated motion of elbow and shoulder joints

Kim, Kang Soo et al. "Comparison of k-Nearest Neighbor, Quadratic Discriminant and Linear Discriminant Analysis in Classification of Electromyogram Signals Based on the Wrist-Motion Directions." Current Applied Physics 11.3 (2011): 740-745. Crossref. Web.

Losier Y. A control system for a powered prosthesis using positional and myoelectric inputs from the shoulder complex

Luo Z. Pattern Classification of Surface Electromyography Based on AR Model and High-order Neural Network

Oskoei, M.A., and Huosheng Hu. "Support Vector Machine-Based Classification Scheme for Myoelectric Control Applied to Upper Limb." IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering 55.8 (2008): 1956-1965. Crossref. Web.

Ottobock. (2013). from

Phinyomark A. Expert Systems with Applications

Rasheed, Sarbast, Daniel Stashuk, and Mohamed Kamel. "Adaptive Fuzzy k-NN Classifier for EMG Signal Decomposition." Medical Engineering & Physics 28.7 (2006): 694-709. Crossref. Web.

Rasheed, Sarbast, Daniel Stashuk, and Mohamed Kamel. "A Software Package for Interactive Motor Unit Potential Classification Using Fuzzy k-NN Classifier." Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine 89.1 (2008): 56-71. Crossref. Web.

Ren X. MUAP Classification Based on Wavelet Packet and Fuzzy Clustering Technique

Rezaee Jordehi, A., and J. Jasni. "Parameter Selection in Particle Swarm Optimisation: a Survey." Journal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 25.4 (2013): 527-542. Crossref. Web.

Rosenblatt, F. (1962). Principles of neurodynamics.

Soares, Alcimar et al. Journal of Intelligent Information Systems 21.2 (2003): 127-141. Crossref. Web.

Tkach, D., Huang, H. & Kuiken, T. A. (2010). Research study of stability of time-domain features for electromyographic pattern recognition.

Wojtczak, Pawel et al. "Hand Movement Recognition Based on Biosignal Analysis." Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence 22.4-5 (2009): 608-615. Crossref. Web.

Zecca M. Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering 30.4 (2002)


ISSN PRINT: 1079-8587
ISSN ONLINE: 2326-005X
DOI PREFIX: 10.31209
10.1080/10798587 with T&F
IMPACT FACTOR: 0.652 (2017/2018)
Journal: 1995-Present


TSI Press
18015 Bullis Hill
San Antonio, TX 78258 USA
PH: 210 479 1022
FAX: 210 479 1048